Prevention of Trafficking
In the long run, real “prevention” will be through the enactment and enforcement of laws, policies and practices that improve women's status and enable women to exercise all their human rights, including the right to inherit and own property and the right to work under fair and just conditions and to receive appropriate wages etc. This involves improvement in economic, legal and social systems, action for justice and democracy within and between states.
In the short and middle term, a prevention strategy must include:
human rights education for all persons, especially women and children;
advocacy for development of economic opportunities, including opportunities for legal migration for work;
elimination of discrimination of women in all spheres, especially in the labour market;
reform of restrictive immigration policies and laws and creation of legal channels of labour migration for women.
Any remedy or strategy proposed to combat trafficking and provide assistance to victims of trafficking must be assessed in terms of whether and how it promotes and provides protection for the human rights of women. It has been pointed out that even seemingly harmless mechanisms of prevention, such as education campaigns, may be problematic if they aid in the immobilisation of women or the entrenchment of harmful or disempowering stereotypes. While anti-trafficking campaigns may merely seek to warn women of the potential dangers of trafficking, they may also serve to further restrict women's free movement.